Monday, September 26, 2011

Breast Cancer

BREAST CANCER: Breast Cancer is usually caused by tumors. There are two types of tumors: 1) A benign tumor usually stays in one part of the breast and doesn't cause problems, however, it can be the beginning sign of breast cancer. 2) Maligant tumors are the actual cancer. Breast cancer often starts out small and can't be felt but then it spreads throughout that area and can go to other parts of the body causing major health issues and even death. Common types of breast cancer are:
  • Ductal carcinoma. The most common kind of breast cancer. It begins in the cells that line the milk ducts in the breast, also called the lining of the breast ducts.
    • Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). The abnormal cancer cells are only in the lining of the milk ducts, and have not spread to other tissues in the breast.
    • Invasive ductal carcinoma. The abnormal cancer cells break through the ducts and spread into other parts of the breast tissue. Invasive cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body.
  • Lobular carcinoma. In this kind of breast cancer, the cancer cells begin in the lobes, or lobules, of the breast. Lobules are the glands that make milk.
    • Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). The cancer cells are found only in the breast lobules. Lobular carcinoma in situ, or LCIS, does not spread to other tissues.
    • Invasive lobular carcinoma. Cancer cells spread from the lobules to the breast tissues that are close by. These invasive cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body.
Facts: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in any women in the world ( age, race, etc.)
#1 killer of Hispanic Women
It is the second most common cause of death from cancer among white, black, Asian/Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaska Native women

The Reasons why
  • Getting older
  • Being younger when you first had your menstrual period.
  • Starting menopause at a later age.
  • Being older at the birth of your first child.
  • Never giving birth.
  • Not breastfeeding
  • Personal history of breast cancer or some non-cancerous breast diseases.
  • Family history of breast cancer 
  • Treatment with radiation therapy to the breast/chest.
  • Being overweight 
  • Long-term use of hormone replacement therapy (estrogen and progesterone combined)
  • Having changes in the breast cancer-related genes 
  • Using birth control pills, also called oral contraceptives.
  • Drinking alcohol exsessively 
  • Not getting regular exercise

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